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The technology behind the Internet of Things
Source:Orginal | Author:Calio Huang of C&T RF Antennas Inc | Publish time: 2019-10-31 | 468 Views | Share:


Although all of this may come soon, we still need to understand the myriad behind-the-scenes technology that makes dreams a reality. Without them, dreams will never be realized.

The Internet of Things has allowed us to see a better future: refrigerators can automatically order food, bridges can alert cars to road icing, or smart devices that monitor an individual's health and send real-time data to a doctor's phone. Although all of this may come soon, we still need to understand the myriad behind-the-scenes technology that makes dreams a reality. Without them, dreams will never be realized.

An Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of interconnected digital devices, machines, objects, animals, or people that have unique identifiers and the ability to transmit and share data over a network. There is no need for human or human interaction with the device. The Internet of Things aims to bridge the gap between the physical world and the virtual world and create a smart environment where individuals and society as a whole can live in smarter, more comfortable ways. Although it may sound a bit exaggerated, the Internet of Things has indeed become part of our daily lives and will always be there. With all of this in mind, let's briefly review the support technologies behind the IoT world.

What constitutes the Internet of Things technology?

Given the diversity and a sheer number of IoT technology solutions, it can be a daunting task if you want to find a way out in the maze of IoT technology. However, for the sake of simplicity, we divide the Internet of Things technology into four basic levels:

equipment hardware

The device is actually the "thing" on the Internet of Things. As an interface between the real world and the digital world, they have different sizes, shapes, and technical complexity, and the specific attributes depending on the tasks they need to perform in a particular IoT deployment. Whether it's a needle-sized microphone or a heavy construction machine, almost every physical object (even a living thing such as an animal or a human) can be measured and collected by adding the necessary instruments (by adding sensors or actuators and appropriate software). The necessary data becomes a networked device. Of course, sensors, actuators or other telemetry devices can also act as stand-alone smart devices.